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Uganda Overview

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa whose diverse landscape encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and immense Lake Victoria. Its abundant wildlife includes endangered gorillas and chimpanzees as well as rare birds. Remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a famous mountain gorilla sanctuary, while Murchison Falls National Park in the northwest is known for its 43m-tall waterfall and wildlife, such as hippos.

Capital City: Kampala

Country’s population (2013): 41,141,000

Official Languages: Swahili and English

Currency: Ugandan Shilling


The Republic of Uganda, located in Eastern Africa, is a landlocked country occupying a total area of 241,550.7 square kilometers – 18% of which is open inland waters and wetlands.

It lies astride the equator and is bordered by the Republic of South Sudan to the North, Kenya to the East, Tanzania to the South, Rwanda to the South West and Democratic Republic of Congo to the West.

Uganda has an estimated population of about 34.5 million people and a population growth rate of 3.2%, one of the highest in the world (source; Uganda Bureau of Statistics).

The country is currently governed under a multiparty system following a national referendum in July 2005, which opened the door for political parties to contest for leadership.  Since then, the country has held two elections under the multiparty system (2006 and 2011) won by the incumbent President Yoweri K. Museveni, who first came to power in 1986.


Uganda is sunny most of the year with temperatures rarely rising above 29 degrees (84 degrees Fahrenheit). The average annual temperature is about 26 degrees Celsius (78° Fahrenheit). There are two rainy seasons.  One is from March until May and the second is from October until November. A lighter rainy season is from November to December. The dry seasons are from December to February and June to August.


Dry seasons – December to February, June to August

Wet seasons – March to May, October to November

‘’Be of service. Whether you make yourself available to a friend or co-worker, or you make time every month to do volunteer work, there is nothing that harvests more of a feeling of empowerment than being of service to someone in need’’.

Gillian Anderson

Latest Volunteer Opportunities in Uganda

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